STATION 3: DURING SURGERY
Often, the details of the operation will have been planned to minimise the risk of post-operative pain. This may include the use of minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy (keyhole surgery). Peri-operative analgesia is also common.
The operation may be performed under general anaesthetic, which is administered to you via either an intravenous (IV) line or a breathing mask. For certain operations, a regional anaesthetic may be used instead. This could be local anaesthetic, which numbs a small area of the body, or an epidural, which reduces sensation in the upper or lower areas of the body.
National Health Service (NHS). Having an operation – The day of surgery. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/surgery/Pages/the-day-of-the-operation.aspx. Accessed 8 September 2015.